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The Carcinogenic Potency Project

Aramite (CAS 140-57-8)
SMILES, InChI and Structure are below.
Rats and Mice: Cancer Test Summary
Rat Target Sites Mouse Target Sites TD50 (mg/kg/day)
Male Female Male Female Rat Mouse
liv(B) liv(B) liv no positive 96.7m 158

Key to the Table Above

Positivity: For each chemical with a positive (carcinogenic) experiment in the Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB), results are included on carcinogenic potency (TD50) in each species and target sites in males and females. Positivity is determined by an author’s opinion in a published paper. If all experimental results in the CDPB are negative in a sex-species group, “no positive” appears. If the CPDB has no experiments in the sex-species group, “no test” appears. The summary presents the strongest evidence of carcinogenicity in each group. If there are both positive and negative experiments in a sex-species, the negative results are ignored in this Summary Table.
Target Site Codes:   liv = liver. (B) = experimental results were reported only for both sexes together. Target sites are listed if any author of published experimental results concluded that tumors were induced in that organ by the test agent. If there is more than one positive experiment in a sex-species, target sites listed may be from more than one experiment, e.g. if liver and lung are both listed, then liver may have been a target in one experiment and lung in another.
TD50: Our standardized measure of carcinogenic potency, TD50, is the daily dose rate in mg/kg body weight/day to induce tumors in half of test animals that would have remained tumor-free at zero dose. Whenever there is more than one positive experiment in a species, the reported TD50 value is a Harmonic Mean calculated using the TD50 value from the most potent target site in each positive experiment.
Superscripts:   m = There is more than one positive experiment in the species, and TD50 values from each positive experiment are used in the calculation of the reported Harmonic mean of TD50.

The Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB) is a unique and widely used international resource of the results of 6540 chronic, long-term animal cancer tests on 1547 chemicals. The CPDB provides easy access to the bioassay literature, with qualitative and quantitative analyses of both positive and negative experiments that have been published over the past 50 years in the general literature through 2001 and by the National Cancer Institute/National Toxicology Program through 2004. The CPDB standardizes the diverse literature of cancer bioassays that vary widely in protocol, histopathological examination and nomenclature, and in the published author’s choices of what information to provide in their papers. Results are reported in the CPDB for tests in rats, mice, hamsters, dogs, and nonhuman primates.

For each experiment, information is included on species, strain, and sex of test animal; features of experimental protocol such as route of administration, duration of dosing, dose level(s) in mg/kg body weight/day, and duration of experiment; experimental results are provided on target organ, tumor type, and tumor incidence; carcinogenic potency (TD50) and its statistical significance; shape of the dose-response, author’s opinion as to carcinogenicity, and literature citation.

Only tests with dosing for at least ¼ the standard lifespan of the species and experiment length at least ½ the lifespan are included in the CPDB. Only routes of administration with whole body exposure are included. Doses are standardized, average dose rates in mg/kg/day. A description of methods used in the CPDB to standardize the diverse literature of animal cancer tests is presented for: 1) Criteria for inclusion of experiments 2) Standardization of average daily dose levels and 3) TD50 estimation for a standard lifespan. See Methods for other details.

TD50 provides a standardized quantitative measure that can be used for comparisons and analyses of many issues in carcinogenesis. The range of TD50 values across chemicals that are rodent carcinogens is more than 100 million-fold. More than half the chemicals tested are positive in at least one experiment.

A plot of all results on each experiment in the CPDB for this chemical is presented below. These results are the source information for the Cancer Test Summary table above.

Aramite: All Experiments and Citations in CPDB

The definition of each code in the plot below will appear in a pop-up window when the field name in the header line is clicked, e.g., Strain, Site, Path. Each numbered line starts a new experiment and reports protocol information in black. Average daily dose-rates per kg body weight per day are in green. Remaining lines report experimental results in blue.

Abbreviations of fields in header line: # = the line number in the plot of all CPDB chemicals; Xpo = duration of dosing; Xpt = duration of experiment; Site = tissue; Path = tumor type; DR = dose-response; AuOp = author’s opinion about carcinogenicity; LoConf, UpConf = confidence limits (99%) on TD50; Inc = tumor incidence for each dose group.

See Guide to reading the plot for details on each field, using an example of one experiment.

See Help to improve readability, or to fit the plot onto the screen or a printed page.



Chemical (Synonym) CAS
# Species Sex Strain Route Xpo+Xpt PaperNum        0 Dose  1 Dose 2 Dose  3 Dose          Literature Reference or NCI/NTP:Site Path
Site Path Notes   TD50  DR Pval    AuOp LoConf UpConf   Cntrl   1 Inc  2 Inc   3 Inc                                                        Brkly Code

ARAMITE 140-57-8 429 M f b6a orl 80w80 40a 0 157.mg Innes;ntis,1968/1969 lun ade evx 432.mg P<.3 99.0mg n.s.s. 1/17 3/16 liv hpt evx no dre P=1. 305.mg n.s.s. 0/17 0/16 tba mix evx 391.mg P<.4 85.9mg n.s.s. 2/17 4/16 430 M m b6a orl 77w77 40a 0 146.mg liv hpt evx 15.9gm P<1. 166.mg n.s.s. 1/18 1/17 lun ade evx no dre P=1. 281.mg n.s.s. 2/18 0/17 tba mix evx no dre P=1. 145.mg n.s.s. 3/18 2/17 431 M f b6c orl 77w77 40a 0 157.mg liv hpt evx 973.mg P<.3 158.mg n.s.s. 0/16 1/17 lun ade evx 973.mg P<.3 158.mg n.s.s. 0/16 1/17 tba mix evx 92.7mg P<.0005 41.1mg 295.mg 0/16 8/17 432 M m b6c orl 80w80 40a 0 146.mg liv mix evx 126.mg P<.003 50.7mg 617.mg 0/16 6/16 liv hpt evx 158.mg P<.006 + 59.4mg 1.56gm 0/16 5/16 lun mix evx no dre P=1. 285.mg n.s.s. 0/16 0/16 tba mix evx 103.mg P<.002 43.6mg 375.mg 0/16 7/16 433 R b cfn eat 24m24 42 0 4.50mg 9.00mg 18.0mg Popper;canc,13,1035-1046;1960 liv hnd 61.8mg * P<.0005 + 38.4mg 122.mg 5/180 3/93 10/90 22/96 bil ade 1.01gm * P<.05 + 248.mg n.s.s. 0/180 0/93 0/90 2/96 434 R b fds eat 22m24 1133 0 22.5mg 71.1mg 225.mg Oser;txap,2,441-457;1960 liv mix agrs 430.mg * P<.002 + 202.mg 1.99gm 0/22 1/20 2/21 6/20 435 R f osm eat 27m27 21 0 10.0mg Deichmann;txap,11,88-103;1967 liv hem 256.mg P<.3 - 41.7mg n.s.s. 0/30 1/30 tba mix no dre P=1. - 16.1mg n.s.s. 13/30 12/30 436 R f osm eat 24m24 84a 0 4.00mg Radomski;txap,7,652-656;1965 liv tum e no dre P=1. - 24.7mg n.s.s. 1/30 0/30 tba ben e 31.5mg P<.6 - 5.40mg n.s.s. 6/30 8/30 tba mal e no dre P=1. - 13.0mg n.s.s. 6/30 3/30 437 R m osm eat 27m27 21 0 8.00mg Deichmann;txap,11,88-103;1967 liv tum no dre P=1. - 62.6mg n.s.s. 0/30 0/30 tba mal 101.mg P<.1 - 24.7mg n.s.s. 0/30 2/30 tba mix 198.mg P<.6 - 27.2mg n.s.s. 1/30 2/30 438 R m osm eat 24m24 84a 0 3.20mg Radomski;txap,7,652-656;1965 liv tum e no dre P=1. - 19.8mg n.s.s. 0/30 0/30 tba ben e 64.7mg P<.3 - 10.5mg n.s.s. 0/30 1/30 tba mal e no dre P=1. - 10.6mg n.s.s. 3/30 2/30 439 R b sda eat 24m24 42 0 4.50mg 9.00mg 18.0mg Popper;canc,13,1035-1046;1960 liv hnd 760.mg * P<.3 187.mg n.s.s. 0/82 0/46 1/41 1/92 440 R b wid eat 24m24 42 0 4.50mg 9.00mg 18.0mg liv hnd 79.9mg Z P<.0005 + 48.2mg 155.mg 2/193 2/93 3/100 20/90 bil ade 397.mg * P<.002 + 151.mg 1.86gm 0/193 0/93 0/100 5/90 liv hpc h 1.00gm * P<.04 + 246.mg n.s.s. 0/193 0/93 0/100 2/90

SMILES Code for Aramite: CC(COC1=CC=C(C=C1)C(C)(C)C)OS(=O)OCCCl
InChI Code for Aramite: InChI=1/C15H23ClO4S/c1-12(20-21(17)19-10-9-16)11-18-14-7-5-13(6-8-14)15(2,3)4/h5-8,12H,9-11H2,1-4H3
Source for SMILES and InChI: USEPA Distributed Structure-Searchable Toxicity (DSSTox) Database
Chemical Structure for Aramite: Chemical Structure
Source for structure: National Library of Medicine ChemIDPlus

See full CPDB Summary Table on 1547 chemicals. See Full CPDB for all results on 6540 experiments of 1547 chemicals.

A complete list of CPDB chemicals, which is searchable by name or by CAS number, is available here.

For a compendium of CPDB results organized by target organ, which lists all chemicals in each species that induced tumors in each of 35 organs, see Summary Table by Target Organ.

The CPDB is available in several formats that permit printing and downloading into spreadsheets and statistical databases.

  1. A plot of the CPDB presents results of 1547 experiments on 6540 chemicals in an easily readable format that has been used in publications of the CPDB.
  2. A Screen version plot for use on a single computer screen, with the same data.
  3. Excel version of the same data.
  4. Tab-separated versions of the same data, which can be easily read into databases.

A Supplementary Dataset gives details on dosing and survival for each experiment.

Relatively precise estimates of the lower confidence limit on the TD10 (LTD10) are readily calculated from the TD50 and its lower confidence limit, which are reported in the CPDB. For researchers and regulatory agencies interested in LTD10 values, we provide them in an Excel spreadsheet.

PDF versions of our publications of analyses using the CPDB are available, organized by year and by research topic.


Carcinogenic Potency Database Project (CPDB) Home Page
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Last updated: October 3, 2007


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