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Carcinogenic Potency Project

C.I. disperse blue 1 (CAS 2475-45-8)
SMILES, InChI and Structure are below.
Rats and Mice: Cancer Test Summary
Rat Target Sites Mouse Target Sites TD50 (mg/kg/day)
Male Female Male Female Rat Mouse
ubl ubl no positive no positive 156m no positive

Key to the Table Above

Positivity: For each chemical with a positive (carcinogenic) experiment in the Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB), results are included on carcinogenic potency (TD50) in each species and target sites in males and females. Positivity is determined by an author’s opinion in a published paper. If all experimental results in the CDPB are negative in a sex-species group, “no positive” appears. If the CPDB has no experiments in the sex-species group, “no test” appears. The summary presents the strongest evidence of carcinogenicity in each group. If there are both positive and negative experiments in a sex-species, the negative results are ignored in this Summary Table.
Target Site Codes:   ubl = urinary bladder. Target sites are listed if any author of published experimental results concluded that tumors were induced in that organ by the test agent. If there is more than one positive experiment in a sex-species, target sites listed may be from more than one experiment, e.g. if liver and lung are both listed, then liver may have been a target in one experiment and lung in another.
TD50: Our standardized measure of carcinogenic potency, TD50, is the daily dose rate in mg/kg body weight/day to induce tumors in half of test animals that would have remained tumor-free at zero dose. Whenever there is more than one positive experiment in a species, the reported TD50 value is a Harmonic Mean calculated using the TD50 value from the most potent target site in each positive experiment.
Superscripts:   m = There is more than one positive experiment in the species, and TD50 values from each positive experiment are used in the calculation of the reported Harmonic mean of TD50.

The Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB) is a unique and widely used international resource of the results of 6540 chronic, long-term animal cancer tests on 1547 chemicals. The CPDB provides easy access to the bioassay literature, with qualitative and quantitative analyses of both positive and negative experiments that have been published over the past 50 years in the general literature through 2001 and by the National Cancer Institute/National Toxicology Program through 2004. The CPDB standardizes the diverse literature of cancer bioassays that vary widely in protocol, histopathological examination and nomenclature, and in the published author’s choices of what information to provide in their papers. Results are reported in the CPDB for tests in rats, mice, hamsters, dogs, and nonhuman primates.

For each experiment, information is included on species, strain, and sex of test animal; features of experimental protocol such as route of administration, duration of dosing, dose level(s) in mg/kg body weight/day, and duration of experiment; experimental results are provided on target organ, tumor type, and tumor incidence; carcinogenic potency (TD50) and its statistical significance; shape of the dose-response, author’s opinion as to carcinogenicity, and literature citation.

Only tests with dosing for at least ¼ the standard lifespan of the species and experiment length at least ½ the lifespan are included in the CPDB. Only routes of administration with whole body exposure are included. Doses are standardized, average dose rates in mg/kg/day. A description of methods used in the CPDB to standardize the diverse literature of animal cancer tests is presented for: 1) Criteria for inclusion of experiments 2) Standardization of average daily dose levels and 3) TD50 estimation for a standard lifespan. See Methods for other details.

TD50 provides a standardized quantitative measure that can be used for comparisons and analyses of many issues in carcinogenesis. The range of TD50 values across chemicals that are rodent carcinogens is more than 100 million-fold. More than half the chemicals tested are positive in at least one experiment.

A plot of all results on each experiment in the CPDB for this chemical is presented below. These results are the source information for the Cancer Test Summary table above.

C.I. disperse blue 1: All Experiments and Citations in CPDB
The definition of each code in the plot below will appear in a pop-up window when the field name in the header line is clicked, e.g., Strain, Site, Path. Each numbered line starts a new experiment and reports protocol information in black. Average daily dose-rates per kg body weight per day are in green. Remaining lines report experimental results in blue.
Abbreviations of fields in header line: # = the line number in the plot of all CPDB chemicals; Xpo = duration of dosing; Xpt = duration of experiment; Site = tissue; Path = tumor type; DR = dose-response; AuOp = author’s opinion about carcinogenicity; LoConf, UpConf = confidence limits (99%) on TD50; Inc = tumor incidence for each dose group.
See Guide to reading the plot for details on each field, using an example of one experiment.
See Help to improve readability, or to fit the plot onto the screen or a printed page.



Chemical (Synonym) CAS
# Species Sex Strain Route Xpo+Xpt PaperNum        0 Dose  1 Dose 2 Dose  3 Dose          Literature Reference or NCI/NTP:Site Path
Site Path Notes   TD50  DR Pval    AuOp LoConf UpConf   Cntrl   1 Inc  2 Inc   3 Inc                                                        Brkly Code

C.I. DISPERSE BLUE 1 2475-45-8 796 M f b6c eat 24m25 TR299 : 0 76.5mg 153.mg 319.mg liv hpa # 150.mg Z P<.01 - 67.2mg 19.8gm 2/50 12/50 (3/50 2/50) S TBA MXB no dre P=1. 275.mg n.s.s. 29/50 33/50 33/50 30/50 liv MXB no dre P=1. 904.mg n.s.s. 3/50 13/50 3/50 4/50 liv:hpa,hpc,nnd. lun MXB 9.31gm * P<.8 791.mg n.s.s. 1/50 5/50 2/50 3/50 lun:a/a,a/c. 797 M m b6c eat 24m24 TR299 : 0 71.3mg 143.mg 297.mg lun a/a 925.mg * P<.05 386.mg n.s.s. 1/50 3/50 5/50 5/50 S liv MXA 534.mg * P<.2 e 187.mg n.s.s. 9/50 21/50 20/50 16/50 liv:hpa,hpc. TBA MXB 1.29gm Z P<.7 164.mg n.s.s. 35/50 44/50 34/50 34/50 liv MXB 534.mg * P<.2 187.mg n.s.s. 9/50 21/50 20/50 16/50 liv:hpa,hpc,nnd. lun MXB 701.mg * P<.06 275.mg n.s.s. 4/50 9/50 5/50 11/50 lun:a/a,a/c. 798 R f f34 eat 24m24 TR299 : 0 61.3mg 124.mg 248.mg ubl MXB 131.mg Z P<.0005 92.4mg 192.mg 0/50 0/50 17/50 37/50 ubl:lei,ley,sqc,sqp,tcc,tpp. C ubl MXA 198.mg Z P<.0005 c 131.mg 318.mg 0/50 0/50 15/50 21/50 ubl:tcc,tpp. ubl MXA 250.mg Z P<.0005 c 158.mg 424.mg 0/50 0/50 3/50 26/50 ubl:lei,ley. ubl lei 294.mg Z P<.0005 c 181.mg 520.mg 0/50 0/50 2/50 23/50 ubl tcc 307.mg Z P<.0005 c 186.mg 559.mg 0/50 0/50 10/50 13/50 ubl tpp 317.mg Z P<.0005 c 192.mg 571.mg 0/50 0/50 9/50 15/50 ubl MXA 664.mg Z P<.0005 c 338.mg 1.55gm 0/50 0/50 1/50 11/50 ubl:sqc,sqp. ubl sqp 1.02gm Z P<.0005 c 454.mg 3.15gm 0/50 0/50 1/50 7/50 ubl ley 1.54gm * P<.004 c 579.mg 10.3gm 0/50 0/50 1/50 4/50 ubl sqc 1.58gm * P<.004 c 599.mg 10.9gm 0/50 0/50 1/50 4/50 pni isc 291.mg * P<.02 135.mg n.s.s. 10/50 21/50 20/50 15/50 S MXA MXA 323.mg * P<.03 139.mg n.s.s. 12/50 24/50 20/50 16/50 pit:can; pni:isc. S TBA MXB 130.mg * P<.005 65.7mg 1.28gm 44/50 41/50 45/50 43/50 liv MXB no dre P=1. 1.04gm n.s.s. 1/50 0/50 2/50 0/50 liv:hpa,hpc,nnd. 799 R m f34 eat 24m24 TR299 : 0 49.3mg 99.0mg 198.mg ubl MXB 89.3mg Z P<.0005 63.0mg 130.mg 0/50 0/50 17/50 45/50 ubl:lei,ley,sqc,sqp,tcc,tpp. C ubl MXA 129.mg Z P<.0005 c 86.9mg 196.mg 0/50 0/50 7/50 41/50 ubl:lei,ley. ubl lei 131.mg Z P<.0005 c 88.0mg 200.mg 0/50 0/50 6/50 41/50 ubl MXA 245.mg Z P<.0005 c 141.mg 463.mg 0/50 0/50 10/50 11/50 ubl:tcc,tpp. ubl tpp 370.mg * P<.0005 c 183.mg 910.mg 0/50 0/50 8/50 4/50 pni MXA 414.mg * P<.005 178.mg 4.62gm 1/50 2/50 5/50 3/50 pni:isa,isc. S ubl tcc 506.mg Z P<.0005 c 249.mg 1.18gm 0/50 0/50 4/50 8/50 ubl MXA 803.mg * P<.002 c 311.mg 3.41gm 0/50 0/50 2/50 4/50 ubl:sqc,sqp. ubl sqp 1.26gm * P<.006 c 401.mg 15.0gm 0/50 0/50 1/50 3/50 sub srn 1.83gm Z P<.01 548.mg 99.7gm 0/50 0/50 0/50 3/50 S tes ict 100.mg * P<.05 41.2mg n.s.s. 44/50 44/50 38/50 16/50 S thy MXA 474.mg * P<.03 187.mg n.s.s. 2/50 4/50 5/50 3/50 thy:cca,ccr. S thy cca 529.mg * P<.02 213.mg n.s.s. 1/50 2/50 4/50 3/50 S pni isa 810.mg * P<.03 278.mg n.s.s. 1/50 0/50 4/50 2/50 S TBA MXB 39.3mg Z P<.0005 24.9mg 79.8mg 49/50 49/50 47/50 46/50 liv MXB no dre P=1. 540.mg n.s.s. 4/50 2/50 2/50 0/50 liv:hpa,hpc,nnd.

Mutagenicity in Salmonella: positive
SMILES Code for C.I. disperse blue 1: O=C1C2=C(C(=CC=C2N)N)C(=O)C3=C(C=CC(=C13)N)N
InChI Code for C.I. disperse blue 1: InChI=1/C14H12N4O2/c15-5-1-2-6(16)10-9(5)13(19)11-7(17)3-4-8(18)12(11)14(10)20/h1-4H,15-18H2
Source for SMILES and InChI: USEPA Distributed Structure-Searchable Toxicity (DSSTox) Database
Chemical Structure for C.I. disperse blue 1: Chemical Structure
Source for structure: National Library of Medicine ChemIDPlus

See full CPDB Summary Table on 1547 chemicals. See Full CPDB for all results on 6540 experiments of 1547 chemicals.

A complete list of CPDB chemicals, which is searchable by name or by CAS number, is available here.

For a compendium of CPDB results organized by target organ, which lists all chemicals in each species that induced tumors in each of 35 organs, see Summary Table by Target Organ.

The CPDB is available in several formats that permit printing and downloading into spreadsheets and statistical databases.

  1. A plot of the CPDB presents results of 1547 experiments on 6540 chemicals in an easily readable format that has been used in publications of the CPDB.
  2. A Screen version plot for use on a single computer screen, with the same data.
  3. Excel version of the same data.
  4. Tab-separated versions of the same data, which can be easily read into databases.

A Supplementary Dataset gives details on dosing and survival for each experiment.

Relatively precise estimates of the lower confidence limit on the TD10 (LTD10) are readily calculated from the TD50 and its lower confidence limit, which are reported in the CPDB. For researchers and regulatory agencies interested in LTD10 values, we provide them in an Excel spreadsheet.

PDF versions of our publications of analyses using the CPDB are available, organized by year and by research topic.


Carcinogenic Potency Database Project (CPDB) Home Page
For more information about this Web Page, contact Specialized Information Services (tehip@teh.nlm.nih.gov).
Last updated: October 3, 2007


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