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Resources for Alternatives to the Use of Live Vertebrates in Biomedical Research and Testing


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2000 to Present Animal Use Alternatives (MeSH) Tox. Subset

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In Vitro/Cell Lines


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Animal Alternatives News


News from...

  ICCVAM/NIEHS: Interagency Coordinating Committee for the Validation of Alternative Methods

  Altweb News: Johns Hopkins University
  US EPA: Computational Exposure Science publication

Additional Resources


  AltTox.org - Non-animal Methods for Toxicity Testing

  Altweb - Alternatives to Animal Testing on the Web

  Animal Welfare Information Center (USDA)

  EURL ECVAM - European Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing

  FRAME - Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments

  ICCVAM (HHS/NIH/NIEHS)

  Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (Johns Hopkins University)

  Center for Animal Alternatives (UC Davis)

  SOT In Vitro and Alternative Methods Specialty Section (Society of Toxicology)

  U.S. EPA National Center for Computational Toxicology (EPA)

  American Society for Cellular and Computational Toxicology (ASCCT)


Evaluation/Acceptance of
Test Methods


  U.S. and International Acceptance of Alternative Methods, 1998-2012 (Chronological List) (ICCVAM)

  U.S. and International Milestones in Alternative Test Method Development and Evaluations (ICCVAM)