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Resources for Alternatives to the Use of Live Vertebrates in Biomedical Research and Testing


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2000 to Present Animal Use Alternatives (MeSH) Tox. Subset

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In Vitro/Cell Lines


Animal Alternatives


Animal Welfare


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Animal Alternatives News


News from...

  ICCVAM/NIEHS: Interagency Coordinating Committee for the Validation of Alternative Methods

  Altweb News: Johns Hopkins University

Additional Resources


  AltTox.org - Non-animal Methods for Toxicity Testing

  Altweb - Alternatives to Animal Testing on the Web

  Animal Welfare Information Center (USDA)

  EURL ECVAM - European Reference Laboratory for Alternatives to Animal Testing

  FRAME - Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments

  ICCVAM (HHS/NIH/NIEHS)

  Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing (Johns Hopkins University)

  Center for Animal Alternatives (UC Davis)

  SOT In Vitro and Alternative Methods Specialty Section (Society of Toxicology)


Evaluation/Acceptance of
Test Methods


  U.S. and International Acceptance of Alternative Methods, 1998-2012 (Chronological List) (ICCVAM)

  U.S. and International Milestones in Alternative Test Method Development and Evaluations (ICCVAM)