Publications from the Carcinogenic Potency Project

Gold, L.S., Manley, N.B., Slone, T.H., Garfinkel, G.B., Ames, B.N., Rohrbach, L., Stern, B.R., and Chow, K. Sixth Plot of the Carcinogenic Potency Database: Results of Animal Bioassays Published in the General Literature 1989-1990 and by the National Toxicology Program 1990-1993. Environmental Health Perspectives 103 (Suppl. 8): 3-122 (1995).


This paper presents two types of information from the Carcinogenic Potency Database (CPDB): (1) the sixth chronological plot of analyses of long-term carcinogenesis bioassays, and (2) an index to chemicals in all six plots, including a summary compendium of positivity and potency for each chemical (Appendix 14). The five earlier plots of the CPDB have appeared in this journal, beginning in 1984 (Gold et al. 1984, 1986, 1986, 1990, 1993; and Peto et al. 1984). Including the plot in this paper, the CPDB reports results of 5002 experiments on 1230 chemicals. This paper includes bioassay results published in the general literature between January 1989 and December 1990, and in Technical Reports of the National Toxicology Program between January 1990 and June 1993. Analyses are included on 17 chemicals tested in nonhuman primates by the Laboratory of Chemical Pharmacology, National Cancer Institute. This plot presents results of 531 long-term, chronic experiments of 182 test compounds and includes the same information about each experiment in the same plot format as the earlier papers: the species and strain of test animal, the route and duration of compound administration, dose level and other aspects of experimental protocol, histopathology and tumor incidence, TD50 (carcinogenic potency) and its statistical significance, dose response, author's opinion about carcinogenicity, and literature citation. We refer the reader to the 1984 publications (Gold et al. 1984, Peto et al. 1984, and Sawyer et al. 1984) for a detailed guide to the plot of the database, a complete description of the numerical index of carcinogenic potency, and a discussion of the sources of data, the rationale for the inclusion of particular experiments and particular target sites, and the conventions adopted in summarizing the literature.

The six plots of the CPDB are to be used together since results of individual experiments that were published earlier are not repeated. Appendix 14 is designed to facilitate access to results on all chemicals. References to the published papers that are the source of experimental data are reported in each of the published plots. For readers using the CPDB extensively, a combined plot is available of all results from the six separate plot papers, ordered alphabetically by chemical; the combined plot in printed form or on computer tape or diskette is available from the first author. A SAS database is also available.

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Last updated: August 16, 2000

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